Hawaiian, along with English, is an official language of the State of Hawaii.
The Hawaiian alphabet has just 12 letters - consonants are H, K, L, M, N, P, and W, and vowels are A, E, I, O, and U.
In addition, there are two symbols that are commonly used. A glottal stop (`, called an "`okina") indicates a short pause. You will find these at the beginnings of words or in between vowels. When you see a glottal stop, don't let the syllables run into each other; instead, pause for a very brief moment and continue with the word. A macron (straight line over vowel, called a "kahakō") indicates a stressed vowel. When you see a macron, draw out the vowel for a little longer than you would a normal vowel.
a is pronounced "ah" - like the "a" in "father".
e is pronounced "eh" - like the "e" in "hello".
i is pronounced "ee" - like the name of the English letter "e".
o is pronounced "oh" - just like the English "o".
u is pronounced "oo" - like the "oo" in "food".
All consonants in Hawaiian are pronounced like their English counterparts, with the exception of w, which is pronounced both like the English "w" and like the English "v", changing the "wuh" sound to a "vuh" sound.
Diphthongs in Hawaiian can be tricky. You must make sure that there is not a glottal stop between the vowels - if there is, you do not blend the vowels, but instead insert a pause between them. If there is no glottal stop, however, just blend the vowels together in most cases.
aa, ee, ii, oo, and uu are not pronounced differently than their single forms. "aa" is pronounced the same as "a".
ae is pronounced like the English "I".
ai is pronounced by saying "Eye-ee".
ao is pronounced "Ah-oh".
au is pronounced like the English "ow" - like what you say when you're hurt.
ea is pronounced "Ey-ah".
ei is pronounced "Ey-ee".
eo is pronounced "Ey-oh".
ia is pronounced "Ee-ah", but you can get away with saying "Ya".
ie is pronounced "Ee-ey", but you can get away with saying "Yay".
io is pronounced "Ee-oh", but you can get away with saying "Yo".
oa is pronounced "Oh-ah".
oe is pronounced "Oh-ey".
oi is pronounced "Oh-ee".
ou is pronounced "Oh-oo".
ua is pronounced "Oo-ah".
ue is pronounced "Oo-ey", but you can also say the word "way" and you'll be pretty close.
ui is pronounced "Oo-ee".
uo is pronounced "Oo-oh", but you can also say the word "whoa" and you'll be pretty close.
BasicsHello. Aloha. (ah-LO-ha) Hello. (informal) Aloha. (ah-LO-ha) Hello to you. (singular) Aloha oe. (ah-LO-ha OH-ey) How are you? Pehea `oe? (pey-HEY-ah OH-ey) Fine, thank you. Maika`i, mahalo. (my-KAI-ee, ma-HA-lo) What is your name? `O wai kou inoa? (oh vy KO EE-no-ah) My name is ______. `O _____ ko'u inoa.(oh _____ KO-oo EE-no-ah) Nice to meet you. Ua maika'i ko kaua hui 'ana (OO-ah my-KAI-ee ko COW-ah HOO-ee AH-na) Please. `olu`olu. (OH-loo-OH-loo) Thank you. Mahalo. (ma-HA-lo) Thank you very much. Mahalo nui loa (ma-HA-lo noo-ee loh-a) You're welcome. He me iki ia/Me pu oe. (HAY may EE-kee EE-ah/MAY poo OH-ey) No problem, You're welcome A`ole pilikia Yes. `Ae . (eye) No. `A`ole . (AH-oh-lay) Excuse me. (getting attention) E ia nei. (EY EE-ah NAY-ee) Excuse me. (begging pardon) Noi kou kala. (NO-ee KO-oo KA-la) I'm sorry. E kala mai ia`u. (ey KA-la my YA-oo) Goodbye. A hui hou. (AH HOO-ee HO-oo) Goodbye. (informal) Aloha. (ah-LO-ha) I can't speak name of language [well]. `A`ole au `olelo [maika'i]. (AH-oh-lay ow OH-leh-lo [my-KAI-ee]) Do you speak Hawai'ian? `Olelo Hawai`i `oe? (OH-leh-lo ha-VY-ee OH-ey) Is there someone here who speaks English? `Olelo Pelekania kekahi? (OH-leh-lo peh-leh-ka-NEE-ah kay-KA-hee) Help! Kōkua! (KO-koo-ah) Look out! E akahele! (EY ah-ka-HAY-lay) Good morning. Aloha kakahiaka. (ah-LO-ha ka-ka-hee-AH-ka) Good mid-day. Aloha awakea. (ah-LO-ha a-wa-ke-AH) Good evening. Aloha ahiahi. (ah-LO-ha AH-hi-AH-hi) Good night. Aloha pō. (ah-LO-ha PO) Good night. (to sleep) Pō maika`i. (PO my-KAI-ee) I don't understand. `A`ole maopopo. (AH-oh-lay MA-oh-po-po) I am from ... Mai ... mai au. (ma-ee ... ma-ee-ow) Good Luck Pomaika`i Where is the toilet? Ma hea ka lua? (ma HAY-ah ka LOO-ah)
ProblemsLeave me alone. Ha`alele ko`u ho`okahi. (HA-ah-lay-lay KO-oo ho-oh-KA-hee) Don't touch me! `A`ole pā ko`u! (ah-OH-lay PA KO-oo) I'll call the police. E hea māka`i ana au! (EY HAY-ah MA-ka-ee ah-na ow) Police! Māka`i! (MA-ka-ee) Stop! Thief! Ho`opau! `Aihue! (HO-oh-pow! AY-hoo-ey) I need help. Kōkua pono au. (KO-koo-ah PO-no ow) It's an emergency. Ulia pōpilikia. (oo-LEE-ah PO-pee-lee-kee-ah) I'm lost. O lilo au. (oh LEE-lo ow) I lost my bag. `Eke ko`u lilo au. (EY-kay KO-oo LEE-lo ow) I lost my wallet. `Eke kālā ko`u lilo au. (EY-kay KA-LA KO-oo LEE-lo ow) I'm sick. O ma`i au. (oh MA-ee ow) I'm injured. O `ālina au. (oh AH-lee-na ow) I need a doctor. Kauka pono au. (KOW-ka PO-no ow) Can I use your phone? Kou kelepona ho`ohana au? (KOU kay-lay-PO-na HO-oh-HA-na ow)
Numbers0 `Ole (OH-lay) 1 `Ekahi (ey-KA-hee) 2 `Elua (ey-LOO-ah) 3 `Ekolu (ey-KOH-loo) 4 `Ehā (ey-HAH) 5 `Elima (ey-LEE-ma) 6 `Eono (ey-OH-no) 7 `Ehiku (ey-HEE-koo) 8 `Ewalu (ey-VAH-loo) 9 `Eiwa (ey-EE-vah) 10 `Umi (OO-mee) 11 `Umi kūmākahi (OO-mee KOO-ma-KA-hee) 12 `Umi kūmālua (OO-mee KOO-ma-LOO-ah) 13 `Umi kūmākolu (OO-mee KOO-ma-KOH-loo) 14 `Umi kūmāhā (OO-mee KOO-ma-HAH) 15 `Umi kūmālima (OO-mee KOO-ma-LEE-ma) 16 `Umi kūmāono (OO-mee KOO-ma-OH-no) 17 `Umi kūmāhiku (OO-mee KOO-ma-HEE-koo) 18 `Umi kūmāwalu (OO-mee KOO-ma-VAH-loo) 19 `Umi kūmāiwa (OO-mee KOO-ma-EE-vah) 20 Iwakālua (ee-vah-KA-loo-ah) 21 Iwakālua kūmākahi (ee-vah-KA-loo-ah KOO-ma-KA-hee) 22 Iwakālua kūmālua (ee-vah-KA-loo-ah KOO-ma-LOO-ah) 23 Iwakālua kūmākolu (ee-vah-KA-loo-ah KOO-ma-KOH-loo) 24 Iwakālua kūmāhā (ee-vah-KA-loo-ah KOO-ma-HA) 25 Iwakālua kūmālima (ee-vah-KA-loo-ah KOO-ma-LEE-ma) 30 Kanakolu (ka-na-KOH-loo) 40 Kanahā (ka-na-HA) 50 Kanalima (ka-na-LEE-ma) 60 Kanaono (ka-na-OH-no) 70 Kanahiku (ka-na-HEE-koo) 80 Kanawalu (ka-na-VAH-loo) 90 Kanaiwa (ka-na-EE-vah) 100 Hanele (ha-NAY-lay) 200 `Elua haneli (ey-LOO-ah ha-NAY-lee) 300 `Ekolu haneli (ey-KOH-loo ha-NAY-lee) 500 `Elima haneli (ey-LEE-ma ha-NAY-lee) 1000 Kaukani (kow-KAH-nee) 2000 `Elua kaukani (ey-LOO-ah kow-KAH-nee) 1,000,000 Miliona (mee-lee-OH-na) 1,000,000,000 Piliona (pee-lee-OH-na) Half Hapalua (ha-pa-LOO-ah) Less Hapa iki (ha-pa EE-kee) More Hou (HO-oo)
Timenow i kēia manawa (ee KAY-ee-ah ma-na-VAH) later mahope aku (ma-HO-pay AH-koo) before mua (MOO-ah) morning kakahiaka (ka-ka-hee-AH-ka) afternoon `auinalā (ow-EE-na-LA) night pō (PO) Clock time one o'clock AM hola `ekahi AM (HO-la ey-KA-hee AH-moo) two o'clock AM hola `elua AM (HO-la ey-LOO-ah AH-moo) ten o'clock AM hola 'umi AM (HO-la OO-mee AH-moo) noon awakea (ah-vah-KAY-ah) one o'clock PM hola 'ekahi PM (HO-la ey-KA-hee PEE-moo) two o'clock PM hola 'elua PM (HO-la ey-LOO-ah PEE-moo) ten o'clock PM hola 'umi PM (HO-la OO-mee PEE-moo) midnight aumoe (OW-mo-ey) Duration ____ minute(s) ____ minuke (mee-NOO-kay) ____ hour(s) ____ hola (HO-la) ____ day(s) ____ lā (LA) ____ week(s) ____ pule (POO-lay) ____ month(s) ____ mahina (ma-HEE-na) ____ year(s) ____ makahiki (ma-ka-HEE-kee) Days today i kēia lā (ee KAY-ee-ah LA) yesterday nehinei (nay-HEE-nay-ee) tomorrow `apōpō (ah-PO-po) this week kēia pule (KAY-ee-ah POO-lay) last week mua pule (MOO-ah POO-lay) next week a`e pule (AH-ey POO-lay) Monday Po`akahi (po-ah-KA-hee) Tuesday Po`alua (po-ah-LOO-ah) Wednesday Po`akolu (po-ah-KOH-loo) Thursday Po`ahā (po-ah-HA) Friday Po'alima (po-ah-LEE-ma) Saturday Po'aono (po-ah-OH-no) Sunday Lāpule (LA-poo-lay)
Note: Days of the week begin on Monday.Months January Ianuali (ee-AH-noo-ah-lee) February Pepeluali (pay-pay-loo-AH-lee) March Malaki (ma-LA-kee) April Apelila (ah-pay-LEE-la) May Mei (may-EE) June Iune (ee-OO-nay) July Iulai (ee-OO-ly) August `Aukake (ow-KA-kay) September Kepakemapa (kay-pah-kay-MA-pa) October `Okakopa (oh-ka-KOH-pa) November Nowemapa (no-vay-MA-pa) December Kekemapa (kay-kay-MA-pa) Writing Dates
Dates are written like so: O ka lā (day) kēia o (month) o (year)
This translates in English to "On the (day) day of this (month) of (year)".
Example: To write "June 19, 2007", you would write O ka lā 19 kēia o Iune o 2007.
Peoplehuman kanaka man kane woman wahine children kamali`i family ohana kane male married man married woman woman wahine male
ColorsRed `Ula`ula (OO-la-OO-la) Orange `Alani (ah-LA-nee) Yellow Melemele (MAY-lay-MAY-lay) Green `ō`ma`oma`o (OH-ma-oh-ma-oh) Blue Polū (po-LOO) Purple Poni (PO-nee) Pink `Ākala (AH-ka-la) Black `Ele`Ele (EH-lay-EH-lay) White Ke`oke`o (KAY-oh-KAY-oh) Grey `Āhinahina (AH-hee-na-hee-na) Brown Maku`e/Palaunu (ma-KOO-ey/pa-LA-oo-noo)
Transportationcar ka`a (KA-ah) bus ka`a `ōhua (KA-ah OH-hoo-ah) train ka`aahi (ka-AH-hee) airplane mokulele (MO-koo-lay-lay) bicycle paikikala (PY-kee-ka-la) motorcycle mokokaikala (mo-ko-KY-ka-la) Bus and train How much is a ticket to ________? Kumu kū`ai o kikiki i ________? (KOO-moo KOO-eye o kee-KEE-kee i ________?) One ticket to ________, please. `Ekahi kikiki i ________, `olu`olu. (ey-KA-hee kee-KEE-kee ee ________, OH-loo-OH-loo) Where does this train/bus go? `Auhea ka`a `ōhua/ka`aahi nō hele ai? (ow-HAY-ah KA-ah OH-hoo-ah/ka-AH-hee NO HAY-lay eye) Directions Where is ________? `Auhea ________? (ow-HAY-ah) Show me on the map. Hō`ike ko`u i palapala`āina. (HO-ee-kay KO-oo ee pa-la-pa-la-EYE-na) street alanui (ah-la-NOO-ee) Turn left. Huli hema (HOO-lee HAY-ma) Turn right. Huli `ākau (HOO-lee AH-kow) straight ahead i mua pololei (ee MOO-ah po-lo-LAY) North Akau (ah-KOW) South Hema (HAY-ma) West Komohana (KO-mo-HA-na) East Hikina (hee-KEE-na) uphill i luna (ee LOO-na) downhill i lalo (ee LA-lo) intersection huina (hoo-EE-na) Taxi Taxi! Ka`a `ōhua! (KA-ah OH-hoo-ah) Take me to _________ please. Lawe a`u i _________ `olu`olu. (LA-vay ah-oo ee _________ OH-loo-OH-loo) How much does it cost to go _________? Kumu kū`ai i hele i _________? (KOO-moo KOO-eye ee HAY-lay ee _________?) Leave me there, please. Ho`i a`u laila, `olu`olu. (HO-ee AH-oo LY-la, OH-loo-OH-loo)
LodgingAre there any rooms available? Kekahi lumi hāmama? (kay-KA-hee LOO-mee HA-ma-ma) How much is the room? Kumu kū`ai o lumi? (KOO-moo KOO-eye oh LOO-mee) Does the room come with... Lumi aia maloko... (LOO-mee EYE-ah MA-lo-ko) ... bedsheets? hāli`i moe? (HA-lee-ee MO-ey) ... a bathroom? he lua? (he LOO-ah) ... a telephone? he kelepona? (he kay-lay-PO-na) ... a TV? he kelewikiona? (he KAY-lay-vee-kee-OH-na) I will stay for ____ nights. Au noho no ____ pō. (AH-oo NO-ho no ____ PO) Wake me at ________. Ho`āla a`u ________. (ho-AH-la AH-oo ________) I am checking out. Au kaha waho. (ow KA-ha VA-ho)
MoneyDo you accept American/Canadian/Australian money? `Āpono `Amelika/Kanaka/`Aukekulelia kālā? (AH-po-no ah-may-LEE-ka/ka-NA-ka/ow-kay-koo-lay-LEE-lee-a KA-la) Do you accept British pounds? `Āpono Pelekane paona? (AH-po-no pay-lay-KA-nay pa-OH-na) Do you accept Euros? `Āpono `Eulopa kālā? (AH-po-no EH-oo-LO-pa KA-la) Do you accept credit cards? `Āpono hō`ai`ē kāleka? (AH-po-no HO-eye-EY KA-lay-ka) Can you change money? `Oe loli kālā? (OH-ey LO-lee KA-la) Where is an ATM (Automated Teller Machine)? `Auhea mīkini panakō? (ow-HAY-ah MEE-kee-nee pa-na-KOH)
EatingTable, please. Pākaukau, `olu`olu. (PA-kow-kow, OH-loo-OH-loo) Menu, please. Papa kuhikuhi mea `ai, `olu`olu. (PA-pa KOO-hee-KOO-hee MAY-ah EYE, OH-loo-OH-loo) I'm vegetarian. O mea ulu `ai wale nō au. (oh MAY-ah OO-loo eye VA-lay NO ow) breakfast `aina kakahiaka. (EYE-na ka-ka-hee-AH-ka) lunch `aina awakea. (EYE-na ah-vah-KAY-ah) dinner `aina ahiahi (EYE-na AH-hee-AH-hee) chicken moa (MO-ah) beef pipi (PEE-pee) fish i`a (EE-ah) ham pua`a hame (poo-AH-ah HA-may) sausage na`aukake (NA-ow-KA-kay) cheese waiūpa`a (vy-OO-pa-ah) eggs hua (HOO-ah) salad lau `ai (LA-oo eye) vegetables mea ulu (MAY-ah OO-loo) fruit he mea ulu i mea ai (hay MAY-ah OO-loo ee MAY-ah eye) pineapple halakahiki coconut niu papapaya mikana, papaia apple apala (a-Pa-la) plum palama (pa-LA-ma) pear pea strawberry `ohelopapa grape huawaina mushrooms mau melehune (MOW may-lay-HOO-nay) burger hamapuka (ha-ma-POO-ka) pizza pai pika (PIE PEE-ka) fries mau `uala palai palani (MOW oo-ah-la pa-LY pa-LA-nee) bread palaoa (pa-la-OH-ah) toast palaoa ho`opāpa`a (pa-la-OH-ah HO-oh-PA-pa-ah) noodles nulu (NOO-loo) rice laiki (LY-kee) beans pāpapa (PA-pa-pa) coffee kope (KO-pay) tea kī (KEE) water wai (VY) juice ka wai mai ka mea ulu mai (ka VY MY ka MAY-ah OO-loo MY) beer pia (PEE-ah) wine waina (VY-nah) salt pa`akai (pa-ah-KY) black pepper pepa (PAY-pah) butter waiūpaka (vy-OO-pa-ka) Waiter! Kuene! (koo-AY-nay) Check, please. Pila kīko`o, `olu`olu. (PEE-la KEE-ko-oh, OH-loo-OH-loo) Knife Pahi (he PA-hee) Fork `ō(he OH) Spoon Puna (POO-na) Plate Pā (PAH) Cup and saucer he kī`aha kī me ke pā li`ili`i (he KEE-ah-ha KEE me ke PAH LEE-ee-LEE-ee) Mug he kī`aha mānoanoa (he KEE a-ha MAH-no-a-no-a)
he pālule (he PAH-loo-le)
he lei `ā`ī`lō`ihi (he LAY AH-EE-LOH-EE-hee
he lole wāwae lō `ihi (he LO-le VAH-vy LOH EE-hee)
he lākeke (he LAH-ke-ke)
he palekoki (he PA-le-KO-kee)
he lole wahine (he LO-le va-HEE-ne)
he kāma`a (he KAH-ma-ah)
he pale `ili (he PA-le EE-lee)
he lole wāwae pōkole (he LO-le VAH-vy POH-ko-le)
he mau kākini (he MOW KAH-kee-nee)
he pāpale (he PAH-pa-le)
he `ili kuapo (he EE-lee KWA-po)