M'zab is made up of five separate "cities," which essentially serve as separate urban centers of one large "Pentapolis," home to over 350,000 people.
- Beni Isguen
- Ghardaïa — the largest city of the valley, with a population over 100,000.
- Melika — a small and less remarkable center, but one that offers the best views of both Ghardaia and Bounoura.
Outside the Pentapolis of the valley, there are two other Mozabite oasis towns far to the north:
There's only one way you are likely to get to M'zab, and that's by vehicle on the N1 south from Laghouat.