Middle Rhine Valley
The Rhine Valley or Middle Rhine (German Mittelrhein) is the most famous section of the Rhine, running between the cities of Bonn and Bingen near Mainz in Germany and spanning the states of North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate and Hesse. The section from Koblenz to Bingen and Rüdesheim, known as the Rhine Gorge, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the entire valley is often called "The Romantic Rhine".
Notable points along the river, in order from north to south:
- Bonn-Bad Godesberg (west)
- Bad Honnef (east)
- Remagen (west) — site of the famous World War II bridge
- Linz am Rhein (east)
- Andernach (west)
- Neuwied (east)
- Koblenz (west) — where the Mosel river joins the Rhine
- Lahnstein (east)
- Rhens (west)
- Braubach (east)
- Boppard (west)
- St. Goarshausen (east) — right across the river from St. Goar
- St. Goar (west) — opposite the Loreley rock
- Oberwesel (west)
- Kaub (east)
- Bacharach (west)
- Lorch (east)
- Assmannshausen (east)
- Bingen (west)
- Rüdesheim (east)
The Rhine Valley, where the Rhine carves its way through steep hills topped with countless castles and ruins, is one of the most famous and most heavily touristed parts of Germany. Traveling here is very easy — cruises, castles and winery tours by day, sampling the wine at night — and it's no surprise that the visiting demographic is slanted heavily towards retirees looking for an easy break.
When to go
The peak season is definitely summer, when the hillsides are green and the cruise boats busy. In September, many inns and restaurants already start closing down for the winter, and almost all cruises end by November, starting up again in April.
By plane or train
The most common starting points for a tour of the Rhine Valley are Cologne, just north of Bonn, and Frankfurt, just east of Rüdesheim. Frankfurt is actually on the Main, not the Rhine itself, so the Rhine towns of Mainz and Wiesbaden also make popular starting points.
A large number of luxury cruise operators sail up (and down) the Rhine from Amsterdam to eg. Basel, Zurich or Strasbourg. The leisurely journey with plenty of stopovers typically takes anywhere from one to two weeks, with accommodation on the boat itself. Large operators include Avalon  and Viking , with low-season prices for a 7-night cruise starting from around US$2,000.
The Rheinland-Pfalz-Ticket Remagen-Oberwesel inclusive) and the train line along the Mosel, the ticket also covers a few handy train stretches outside state boundaries, notably Rolandseck-Bonn and Koblenz-Rüdesheim-Wiesbaden-Mainz.
There are not one but two train lines running along this section of the Rhine. The scenic Linke Rheinstrecke ("Left Rhine Line") runs along the left (west) bank of the river from Cologne to Mainz, while the Rechte Rheinstrecke ("Right Rhine Line") runs along the right (east) bank of the river from Cologne to Wiesbaden. The Linke side, generally considered the more scenic of the two, is more heavily trafficked and has InterCity services, while the Rechte side is mostly dedicated to cargo and is limited to regional passenger trains running less than once per hour. Interchanging between the two is possible at Koblenz; the city is on the left, but some trains running on the Rechte start or terminate in there.
Beware that, if you're buying individual tickets, train zones get confusing and pricy fast. While the "core" of the Rhine Valley is in Rhineland-Pfalz's VRM tariff zone, the Rheingau stretch east of Lorch is also in Frankfurt's RMV zone, while going north of Remagen passes into Cologne's VRS area.
The Köln-Düsseldorfer Rheinschiffahrt , better known as KD, runs cruises and scheduled services up and down the river between Cologne and Mainz. The summer season (May-Sept) sees up to 8 services daily on the busiest parts of the river, but services are cut considerably in the shoulder seasons of April and October and slow down to a trickle in the winter. Traveling end to end takes over 11 hours (€49 one way), so most travellers opt for much smaller segments: St. Goar to Bingen, for example, passes by the famous rock of Loreley, takes about 90 minutes and costs €15.30.
While KD has the most extensive network and schedules, there is quite a bit of competition. For example, Bingen-Rudesheimer  operates scheduled services on the south half between Rüdesheim and St. Goar.
- Night of the Thousand Flames, . The “Night of a Thousand Fires” has been traditionally staged at Oberwesel. For this spectacle, 50 illuminated ships convoy to the town of St. Goar to watch the illumination of the legendary Loreley rock rising 300 feet out of the river. The procession will go from there upstream to Oberwesel passing towns, castles, and churches bathed in Bengal lights. The musical brilliant firework display in front of the medieval backdrop of Oberwesel is the highlight of the boat parade. – Bonn: 4.05.2013 and 03.05.2014, Rüdesheim - Bingen: 06.07.2013 and 05.07.2014, Spay - Koblenz: 10.08.2013, Oberwesel: 14.09.2013, St. Goar - St. Goarshausen: 21.09. 2013 and 20.09.2014. edit
The Rhine Valley is famous for wine, and this section of the Rhine along with its tributaries the Mosel and Nahe cover 5 of Germany's 13 officially recognized wine regions. From north to south:
- Mosel: mostly sweet white Riesling, covers the entire Mosel River valley from Luxembourg to Koblenz
- Mittelrhein: almost all Riesling, from Koblenz to Bingen (left bank) and Königswinter to Kaub (right bank)
- Nahe: varies wines, along the Nahe river southwest of Bingen
- Rheingau: the best-known, almost all high-quality (Prädikat) Riesling, but Assmannshausen's red Spätburgunder (Pinot Noir) is also famous; right bank only, from Lorch via Rudesheim to Wiesbaden
- Rheinhessen: Germany's largest producer, along the left bank from Bingen through Mainz and south all the way to Worms