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South Sudan

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Africa : South Sudan
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Juda
Location
South Sudan in its region (claimed).svg
Flag
Flag of South Sudan.svg
Quick Facts
Capital Juba
Government Federal Presidential Democratic Republic
Currency South Sudanese Pound
Area total: 619,745 km2
Population 7,500,000–9,700,000 (2006 est.)
Language English (official), Juba Arabic (official), Dinka, others
Religion Christianity, indigenous beliefs 25%, Islam
Electricity 220-240 V 50 Hz (Indian or UK plug)
Internet TLD .ss
Time Zone GMT+3
Travel Warning WARNING: Due to an ongoing conflict with Sudan, as well as violent political/civil unrest, South Sudan is currently extremely dangerous for travel. Extremist groups such as Janjaweed are very likely to target foreigners for kidnapping and attacks anywhere within the country. Although the level of violence has subsided since the establishment of the country and end of the civil war, this will not at all guarantee safety for any traveller to the country. Travel near the Sudan or CAR borders is extremely dangerous. The US and Canadian governments renewed their travel warnings for South Sudan, and they both currently advise against all travel to the country. as the Government of South Sudan has an extremely limited ability to deter crime and to provide protection for those in South Sudan especially outside of Juba. Land mines remain a potential hazard and danger outside of Juba. Aid workers should consult the safety plans/precautions their organisation has in place.(Updated July 2013)


South Sudan is a country in Africa. Formerly a breakaway region of Sudan, it became an independent country on 9 July 2011 after a referendum was held in January that year. It borders Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Central African Republic.

Understand[edit]

History[edit]

South Sudan had been home of semi-nomadic cattle herding peoples for most of history. Its formal ownership has changed hands from the Egyptians, Ottomans, British and Sudanese. After half a century of ethno-religious conflict South Sudan legally seceded from Sudan on 9 July 2011.

Geography[edit]

Since South Sudan is located near the Equator in the tropics, much of its landscape consists of tropical rainforest. South Sudan also has extensive swamp and grassland regions.

The White Nile, a main tributary of the Nile River, also passes through the country.

The highest point in South Sudan is Kinyeti at 10,456 feet (3,187 m).

Culture[edit]

South Sudanese culture varies by ethnicity. Zande, a Bantu people, will have very different language, legend and dance from the Shilluk, a Nilotic people.

Regions[edit]

Cities[edit]

Other destinations[edit]

Talk[edit]

English and Dinka is the most widely spoken language closely followed by Nuer. Jur Modo, Bari, Chollo/Shilluk, and Zande are also spoken there.

Most traditional languages are non-standard macro-languages, variations in dialect and accent are significant so universal intelligibility should not be assumed.

Get in[edit]

As South Sudan achieved independence only recently, the immigration rules are still subject to change. They have however instituted proper visas in your passport now, instead of the travel permits that were formerly used. The visas are issued for $100 at all border crossings and Juba International Airport. The length of the visas issued seems to vary randomly between 1 and 6 months. An invitation letter may be required depending on which official is at the desk on your day of arrival. The process can take 3 hours. If you do not have a local contact with official connections, it would be safer to get a visa before arriving in the country.

By plane[edit]

Most airlines flying into Juba depart from Cairo (Egypt), Addis Ababa (Ethiopia), Entebbe (Uganda) or Nairobi (Kenya) Khartoum (Sudan) to/from where you should be able to manage flights to Europe, Asia or the Americas. Flydubai has flights from Dubai to Juba.

Get around[edit]

There is always room on top! Traveling by train towards Wau.

See[edit][add listing]

Itineraries[edit]

Do[edit][add listing]

Safaris to Boma National Park and Nimule National Park. See the parks by 4x4 vehicle or aircraft. See the greatest migration of mammals on the earth.

Eat[edit][add listing]

Most South Sudanese is very similar to Sudanese cuisine. Restaurants for both international and local cuisine can be found in Juba and other major city centers.

Drink[edit][add listing]

In the towns of South Sudan such as Rumbek and Juba, Kenyan and Ugandan beers are starting to appear in bars at inflated cross-border prices.

Fresh fruit juices are available throughout Sudan. One of the local juices is "aradeab"(tamarind).

Stay safe[edit]

Starting in August 2012, Sudan and South Sudan have been fighting along the border of the two countries and traveling to the Sudan-South Sudan border is very dangerous and highly discouraged! Please be very careful while you are traveling in this area, so you do not get injured or killed. DO NOT EVEN THINK ABOUT going across the gated and secured border into Sudan. This is highly dangerous as well. Updated October 2012, due to continued violent disruptions journalist permits honored by Sudan are sporadically recognized as sufficient identification in South Sudan. Bribing is a possibility, but does not guarantee entry into South Sudan. Islamist groups such as Janjaweed also intermittently operate in the country

Respect[edit]

As with all countries a respect for the native culture is essential. Due to the multi-ethnic demography of South Sudan some people might take offense to being mistaken for others. It is best not assume a person speaks a particular language or hold particular custom which is representative of another ethnic groups.

Get out[edit]

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